Lawsuits filed by the California DFEH and DOJ alleged that the LSAC discriminated against individuals with disabilities who take, or seek to take, the Law School Admission Test ("LSAT"). The claims focused on the process for requesting accommodations, including documentation of a disability. The parties subsequently entered into a consent decree agreement approved by the court. The decree included considerable monetary relief for the alleged class of victims of discrimination. The decree also requires that "LSAC shall implement best practices for reviewing requests for, approving and implementing accommodations as established by a panel of experts. (Ruth Colker, J.D., Heck-Faust Memorial Chair in Constitutional Law and Distinguished University Professor, Moritz College of Law, The Ohio State University; Charles Golden, Ph.D., Professor, Center for Psychological Studies, Nova Southeastern University; Shelby Keiser, M.S., President, Keiser Consulting, LLC; Nancy Mather, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Disability and Psychoeducational Studies, College of Education, University of Arizona; Nicole Ofiesh, Ph.D., LLC; Sr. Research Associate, Schwab Learning Center, Stanford University).
The product of the panel has been widely anticipated not only for its potential impact on the LSAT accommodation process but also as a potential model for the standardized testing industry as a whole. The report is now a public document and may be found at http://www.dfeh.ca.gov/res/docs/LSAC/Final%20Panel%20Report%20redacted.pdf
In terms of identifying best practices this is a very important document, but the story is not over. The report has a dissent from one member and that the LSAC can appeal to the court for relief from any provision recommended by the panel.